A New Foundation of Physical Theories by Günther Ludwig

By Günther Ludwig

Written within the culture of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this e-book goals to explain and formulate extra exactly the basic principles of actual theories. through introducing a uncomplicated descriptive language of easy shape, during which it truly is attainable to formulate recorded proof, ambiguities of actual theories are refrained from up to attainable. during this process the sphere of physics that are meant to be defined through a conception depends upon easy suggestions purely, i.e. techniques that may be defined with out a concept. during this context the authors introduce a brand new proposal of idealization and evaluate the method of researching new options. they think that, whilst the theories are formulated inside an axiomatic foundation, recommendations are available to many tough difficulties reminiscent of the translation of actual theories, the kin among theories in addition to the advent of actual thoughts. The publication addresses either physicists and philosophers of technological know-how and will motivate the reader to give a contribution to the certainty of the lasting center of actual wisdom in regards to the actual constructions of the realm.

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Together with the correspondence between the natural sentences of Bl and the formal sentences of M TΘ (see Sect. 1) we get a correspondence between the natural sentences of Bl and the formal sentences of M TΘ . For this correspondence we write also Bl (cor) M TΘ . It is often more convenient not to introduce p0 (x) and the corresponding M 0 but to take all basic properties and to introduce for each basic property a base set M i .

Reference - a, b, α - ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ............. representation - between a1 , a2 , α, there is the distance relation δ(a1 , a2 , α) - Reality level Fig. 2. Semantic relations of reference and representation An adequate representation of a whole domain of facts requires a system of concepts and propositions. Relation of Denotation The relation of denotation holds between some members at the linguistic level and their correlates at the reality level.

This does not mean that we do not allow physicists to speak amongst themselves in a very vague language, so that people who are not “insiders” can (or even must) misunderstand this language. 1 The Syntax of the Basic Language The syntax of the basic language Bl is given by the following postulates: (i) the sentences are of the forms (p) and (r), (ii) we can form compound natural sentences made up of sentences by using the conjunctive word ‘and’, (iii)we can take the negation of a sentence of the forms (p) or (r) by using the word ‘not’.

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