A Student's Guide to Earth Science: By Creative Media by Creative Media Applications

By Creative Media Applications

This four-volume set provides an outline of earth technology from the earliest observations of historical peoples to discoveries of latest scientists. Earth technology contains astronomy, geology, meteorology, and oceanography. the 1st quantity, phrases and phrases, defines vital phrases in those sciences. The contributions made by means of such scientists as Galileo, Sir Edmund Hailey, and Florence Bascom are defined within the moment quantity vital humans, which highlights contributions made through girls and minority teams to a historically male career. advancements and Discoveries, the 3rd quantity, strains the historical past and improvement of this technological know-how, and the fourth, arguable matters, offers the main hotly debated themes this present day, resembling house exploration and worldwide warming.

Volume 1: phrases and Terms

Volume 2: very important People

Volume three: advancements and Discoveries

Volume four: controversial Issues

Grades 6-8

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Oil tanker Exxon Valdez on March 24, 1989. The spill dumped 257,000 barrels of crude oil (enough to fill 125 Olympic-sized swimming pools) into the water. Wind and waves eventually spread the oil along 1,300 miles (2,080 kilometers) of coastline, with 200 miles (320 kilometers) suffering serious damage. 1 billion on the cleanup effort, which extended over four summers before it was called off. The damage created by the grounding of the Exxon Valdez has given conservation groups a lot of reasons to oppose the proposed drilling in the ANWR.

Solar energy—collecting energy from the Sun and using it to generate electricity or heat water—has also been tried on a limited basis. However, none of these methods is very useful for powering automobiles. Almost 98 percent of transportation in the United States is powered by oil. Scientists estimate that there are fifty years’ worth of oil and about sixty-five years’ worth of natural gas left in the world. The United States alone is reported to have enough coal to last for 1,500 years, but that is only if consumption stays the same.

If such Coal production may see even more of an increase in the next decade as tensions in the Middle East threaten our ability to obtain oil from overseas. In this open pit coal mine in Illinois, large chunks of coal are dug out from more than 70 feet (21 meters) below the earth’s surface. Does Enough Fossil Fuel Exist to Meet Future Needs? technology is not forthcoming, Earth might become so badly polluted by the gases emitted from burning coal that life on Earth would end before the 1,500 years were up.

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